10 Evidence Based Health Benefits of Whey Protein

Whey protein is among the best studied supplements in the world, for good reason. It has a very high nutritional value, and scientific studies have revealed numerous health benefits.

Whey protein is among the best studied supplements in the world, for good reason. It has a very high nutritional value, and scientific studies have revealed numerous health benefits.

1. Whey is an excellent source of high quality protein

Whey is a liquid that separates from milk during cheese production. The protein part of whey is called whey protein.

It is a complete, high quality protein that contains all of the essential amino acids. In addition, it is very digestible, absorbed from your gut quickly compared with other types of protein (1).

These qualities make it one of the best dietary sources of protein available.

There are three main types of whey protein powder:

  • concentrate (WPC)
  • isolate (WPI)
  • hydrolysate (WPH)

Concentrate is the most common type, and it is also the cheapest.

As a dietary supplement, whey protein is widely popular among bodybuilders, athletes, and others who want additional protein in their diet.

2. Whey protein promotes muscle growth

Muscle mass naturally declines with age.

This usually leads to fat gain and raises the risk of many chronic diseases.

However, this adverse change in body composition can be partly slowed, prevented, or reversed with a combination of strength training and adequate diet.

Strength training, coupled with the consumption of high protein foods or protein supplements, has been shown to be an effective preventive strategy (2).

Particularly effective are high quality protein sources, such as whey.

Whey is rich in a branched-chain amino acid called leucine. Leucine is the most growth-promoting (anabolic) of the amino acids (3).

For this reason, whey protein is effective for the prevention of age-related muscle loss, as well as for improved strength (2).

For muscle growth, some studies show that whey protein may be slightly better than other types of protein, such as casein or soy (4, 5, 6).

However, unless your diet is already lacking in protein, supplements probably won’t make a big difference.

3. Whey protein may lower blood pressure

Abnormally high blood pressure (hypertension) is one of the leading risk factors for heart disease.

Numerous studies have linked the consumption of dairy products with reduced blood pressure (7, 8, 9, 10).

This effect has been attributed to a family of bioactive peptides in dairy, so-called angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors (ACE-inhibitors) (11, 12, 13).

In whey proteins, the ACE-inhibitors are called lactokinins (14). Several animal studies have demonstrated their beneficial effects on blood pressure (15, 16).

A limited number of human studies have investigated the effect of whey proteins on blood pressure, and many experts consider the evidence to be inconclusive.

One study in overweight individuals showed that whey protein supplementation, 54 g/day for 12 weeks, lowered systolic blood pressure by 4%. Other milk proteins (casein) had similar effects (17).

This is supported by another study that found significant effects when participants were given whey protein concentrate (22 g/day) for 6 weeks.

However, blood pressure decreased only in those that had high or slightly elevated blood pressure to begin with (18).

No significant effects on blood pressure were detected in a study that used much lower amounts of whey protein (less than 3.25 g/day) mixed in a milk drink (19).

4. Whey protein may help treat type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease characterized by high blood sugar and impaired function of insulin.

Insulin is a hormone that is supposed to stimulate the uptake of blood sugar into cells, keeping it within healthy limits.

Whey protein has been found to be effective at moderating blood sugar, increasing both the levels of insulin and the sensitivity to its effects (17, 20, 21, 22).

When compared with other sources of protein, such as egg white or fish, whey protein seems to have the upper hand (23, 24).

These properties of whey protein may even be comparable to those of medications for diabetes, such as sulfonylurea (25).

As a result, whey protein can be effectively used as a supplementary treatment for type 2 diabetes.

Taking a whey protein supplement before or with a high-carb meal has been shown to moderate blood sugar in both healthy people and those with type 2 diabetes (20).

5. Whey protein may help reduce inflammation

Inflammation is part of the body’s response to damage. Short-term inflammation can be beneficial, but under certain circumstances it may become chronic.

Chronic inflammation can be harmful, and it is a risk factor for many diseases. It may reflect underlying health conditions or lifestyle habits that hurt your health.

A large review study found that high doses (greater than or equal to 20 grams/day) of whey protein supplements significantly reduced C-reactive protein (CRP), a key marker of inflammation in the body (26).

6. Whey protein may be beneficial for inflammatory bowel disease

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a condition characterized by chronic inflammation in the lining of the digestive tract. It is a collective term for Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.

In both rodents and humans, whey protein supplementation has been found to have beneficial effects on IBD (27, 28).

However, the available evidence is weak and further studies are needed before any strong claims can be made.

7. Whey protein may enhance the body’s antioxidant defenses

Antioxidants are substances that act against oxidation in the body. This means they reduce oxidative stress and lower the risk of various chronic diseases.

One of the most important antioxidants in humans is glutathione. Unlike most antioxidants, which you get from your diet, glutathione is produced by your body.

In the body, glutathione production depends on the supply of several amino acids, such as cysteine, which is sometimes of limited supply.

For this reason, high cysteine foods, such as whey protein, may boost the body’s natural antioxidant defenses (3, 29).

A number of studies in both humans and rodents have found that whey proteins may reduce oxidative stress and increase levels of glutathione (30, 31, 32, 33).

8. Whey protein may have beneficial effects on blood fats

High cholesterol, especially LDL (bad) cholesterol, is a risk factor for heart disease.

In one study in overweight individuals, 65 grams of whey protein per day, for 12 weeks, led to a significant reduction in total and LDL cholesterol (17).

Other studies did not find similar effects on blood cholesterol (18, 34).

The lack of effect might be due to differences in study design. Ultimately, further studies are needed before any conclusions can be made.

9. Whey protein is highly satiating (filling), which may help reduce hunger

Satiety is a term used to describe the feeling of fullness we experience after eating a meal. It is the opposite of appetite and hunger, and it should suppress cravings for food and the desire to eat.

Some foods are more satiating than others, an effect which partly depends on their macronutrient (protein, carb, fat) composition.

Protein is by far the most filling of the three macronutrients (35).

However, not all proteins have the same effect on satiety. Whey protein appears to be more satiating than other types of protein, such as casein and soy (36, 37).

These properties make it particularly useful for those who need to eat fewer calories and lose weight.

10. Whey protein can help you lose weight

Increased consumption of protein is a well-known weight loss strategy (38, 39, 40).

Eating more protein may promote fat loss by:

  • suppressing appetite, leading to reduced calorie intake (35)
  • boosting metabolism, helping you burn more calories (41, 42)
  • helping to maintain muscle mass when losing weight (43)

Whey protein has been shown to be particularly effective, and it may have a superior effect on fat burning and satiety than other protein types (17, 36, 37, 44, 45).

Side effects, dosage, and how to use it

Whey protein is very easy to incorporate into your diet.

It is sold as a powder that can be added to smoothies or yogurts, or simply mixed with water or milk. There is a wide selection available on Amazon.

A commonly recommended dosage is 25-50 grams per day (1-2 scoops), but some products will include other recommendations on the packaging.

Keep in mind that taking too much protein is not beneficial. Excessive consumption may also cause digestive problems, such as:

  • nausea
  • pain
  • bloating
  • cramping
  • flatulence
  • diarrhea

However, moderate consumption of whey protein supplements is well tolerated by most people, with a few exceptions.

If you are lactose intolerant, whey protein hydrolysate or isolate may be more suitable than concentrate. If you have ever had liver or kidney problems, consult with a doctor before taking a protein supplement.

At the end of the day, whey protein is not just a convenient way to boost your protein intake; it may have some powerful health benefits as well.

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